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Author Topic: A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is...  (Read 88971 times)

Offline Bison66

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News to me (I was in high school up North) - or I forgot.

Anyone remember?


60 years later, ‘An Appeal for Human Rights’ still resonates



QUOTE

Sixty years have passed since Roslyn Pope came home from Europe to a segregated South and channeled her frustrations into writing “An Appeal for Human Rights.”

The document published on March 9, 1960, announced the formation of the Atlanta Student Movement, whose campaign of civil disobedience broke a suffocating stalemate over civil rights in Atlanta and hastened the end of racist Jim Crow laws and policies across the region.

After all this time, Pope is deeply concerned that their hard-won achievements are slipping away.

“We have to be careful. It’s not as if we can rest and think that all is well,” Pope told The Associated Press in an interview last week.

The “Appeal” quickly became a civil rights manifesto after it appeared as a full-page advertisement in Atlanta’s newspapers. It was denounced by Georgia’s segregationist Gov. Ernest Vandiver but celebrated around the country, reprinted for free in The New York Times and Los Angeles Times and entered into the Congressional Record.

The idea was to explain why black students would defy their parents, professors and police by illegally occupying whites-only spaces. It decried the racist laws governing education, jobs, housing, voting, hospitals, theaters, restaurants, and law enforcement. It called on “all people of good will to assert themselves and abolish these injustices.”

UNQUOTE
https://apnews.com/8e4896558c5907b8c2593755899ed07f?fbclid=IwAR2fU4P_UhofG10lbMdpj2B-9bopZxjn7P-r7QnIoOz5kDQO54QLYkTs3po

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« Last Edit: May 29, 2020, 05:58:19 PM by Bison66 »

Offline lew9ball

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If you're not familiar with this woman's story, you'll be AMAZED!!

Mary Ellen Pleasant, the woman who became a millionaire and financed John Brown's attack in Harper's Ferry to the tune of $30,000 in 1800s money.

Wait until you see the THIRTY ROOM $2.4 million (in today's value) mansion she designed and built in San Francisco.



"I'd rather be a corpse than a coward," she wrote.


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Interesting article. Thanks for sharing Bison66 you always have some very interesting articles. I had never heard of Mrs Pleasant until reading this. :bow:
"If you want to lift yourself up, lift up someone else"
                       Booker T. Washington

Offline lew9ball

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One of the myths purposely perpetrated by historians, churches and popular culture (a la 'Gone with the Wind,' - #ErraticTrump's favorite) was that Africans accepted enslavement in the U.S. and were - HILARIOUS! - docile.

The MANY laws to prevent uprisings and discourage escapes along with news reports of the period demonstrate the total and conniving dishonesty of that specious claim.

Daily sabotage, ads for 'runaways', destroyed crops, occasional poisonings, and enclaves of self-emancipating Africans (Maroons) in Dismal Swamp & the Everglades, and the "Underground Railroad" prove the truth: people want to be free and will take huge risks to escape bondage.

One of the lesser-known and quite large revolts by enslaved Africans took place in 1811 in Louisiana. No doubt it was inspired by the successful Haitian Revolution culminating in 1804. This video documents it.

LONG LIVE DESLONDES!!!!




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Great read thanks for sharing Bison66.. :clap: :clap:
"If you want to lift yourself up, lift up someone else"
                       Booker T. Washington

Offline Bison66

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Many thanks, lew9ball!!!

BTW, how is your Family Heritage Research going?  Please update us in the thread you started (and let me know, please, 'cause I so rarely visit the General Forum...)

In regard to the German Coast rebellion, there's an additional factor I'd add to support my statement:
"No doubt it was inspired by the successful Haitian Revolution culminating in 1804."

Not only was it a mere 11 years later, but a bunch of French enslavers fled Haiti and went to Louisiana. Quite naturally because it was a former French colony and other French-speaking people were already there. Many of them brought their enslaved Africans with them.  This is one reason that Haitian Hoodoo (Voodoo, Voudum, etc.) was/is such a part of N'awlins culture.  Dr. John/ Dr. Jean was a sought-after practitioner and had a harem of wives, real estate and a huge French, Anglo as well as African/Black clientele.

So, Brother Deslondes, the leader of the German Coast Rebellion, probably came from Haiti.  He was, at a minimum, around a lot of Brothers and Sisters who knew in some detail about the exploits of Dessalines, Christophe, etc. and before them the earlier uprising initiated by Cécile Fatiman (a Voudun Priestess) and led by Dutty Boukman in 1791.

Thousands of French enslavers were killed in that rebellion.

   

https://atlantablackstar.com/2018/02/17/dutty-boukman-fearless-leader-helped-spark-haitian-revolution/
https://medium.com/@iloveblackpeopleapp/c%C3%A9cile-fatiman-eca3e52da19d

Long Live Fatiman, Boukman and Deslondes!!!
 :bow:   :clap:   :bow:   :clap:

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Offline lew9ball

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^^^Thanks Bison66 for your concern in my family research. No new recent development since last reporting. However a reunion was planned for Atlanta this year 2020 but cancel due to virus outbreak. Our family had a virtual reunion instead which went quite well.
Looking forward to the sharing of your valuable knowledge on this board. :clap: :clap:
"If you want to lift yourself up, lift up someone else"
                       Booker T. Washington

Offline Bison66

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lew9ball,

Thanks!

I just noticed your post re: the article on Mrs. Pleasant.
That was something, wasn't it??

Bro, that's great news re: the family reunion.  FANTASTIC!!!!

I just realized I have some Family Heritage Research NEWS - augmented by DNA testing - to share!!!!  Found more cousins!!!!!

(Now, I just have to find your thread!!!  -smile - )


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Offline Bison66

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Digest and enjoy this dynamite Sister's take on Black military veterans.

Gives you a whole 'nother perspective in the wake of Memorial Day...



QUOTE

In a bold departure from previous scholarship, Le’Trice D. Donaldson locates the often overlooked era between the Civil War and the end of World War I as the beginning of Black soldiers’ involvement in the long struggle for civil rights. Donaldson traces the evolution of these soldiers as they used their military service to challenge white notions of an African American second-class citizenry and forged a new identity as freedom fighters willing to demand the rights of full citizenship and manhood.

Through extensive research, Donaldson not only illuminates this evolution but also interrogates the association between masculinity and citizenship and the ways in which performing manhood through military service influenced how these men struggled for racial uplift. Following the Buffalo soldier units and two regular army infantry units from the frontier and the Mexican border to Mexico, Cuba, and the Philippines, Donaldson investigates how these locations and the wars therein provide windows into how the soldiers’ struggles influenced Black life and status within the United States.

Continuing to probe the idea of what it meant to be a military race man—a man concerned with the uplift of the Black race who followed the philosophy of progress—Donaldson contrasts the histories of officers Henry Flipper and Charles Young, two soldiers who saw their roles and responsibilities as Black military officers very differently.

Duty beyond the Battlefield demonstrates that from the 1870s to 1920s military race men laid the foundation for the “New Negro” movement and the rise of Black Nationalism that influenced the future leaders of the twentieth century Civil Rights movement.


UNQUOTE

https://www.aaihs.org/duty-beyond-the-battlefield-a-new-book-about-black-soldiers-role-in-shaping-early-civil-rights/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=duty-beyond-the-battlefield-a-new-book-about-black-soldiers-role-in-shaping-early-civil-rights

BOOM!!

My grandfather John W. Reddick was one of these men.  After serving in the Spanish American War in the Philippines as a Sharpshooter, he returned to Franklin, TN.  He became a community leader, a Mason, and State Grand Master of two different African/Black self help groups.
 
He was a strong advocate for education for Black youth and more than a decade after his 1941 death, a street and a housing complex were named for him.

In 2017, my family attended the unveiling of a historical marker about Papa.  He was son of an ex-enslaved woman and an ex-con.  He was a baaaaaaaad man.

My Mom told me he didn't take no stuff off of white folks and one of the stories she told me about him (and a shotgun) is included in our historical novel, CLANDESTINE.


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« Last Edit: May 29, 2020, 01:12:20 AM by Bison66 »

Offline Bison66

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The Forgotten Story of How 13 Black Men Broke the Navy’s Toughest Color Barrier

During World War II, a group of African American sailors was chosen to integrate the Naval Officer Corps, forever changing what was possible in the U.S. Navy



ONE EXCERPT

Once, the officer candidates were lined up for a medical exam. “All right, you boys, strip down,” someone yelled. “Everything off. Strip down.” “Stand over there,” came another order. “Stand at attention.”

Arbor had white splotches on the skin near the top of his penis. A white pharmacist’s mate grabbed a 36-inch ruler and yelled out, “Look at this, look at this. Here’s this Negro here. Look at this man, half white and half black.” As he spoke, he rapped Arbor’s penis with the ruler, causing him to wince with each whack.

His comrades were certain a riot was about to start. This was it. This was the moment they would surely be kicked out.

“Hey, boy, where did you get this thing from?” the pharmacist’s mate asked, still whacking Arbor’s penis.
Arbor looked him directly in the eye, just the way the Navy had taught.

“Well, you see, sir, I was raised in a white neighborhood.”

Nothing more than a snicker escaped his peers’ lips, and the white men, furious that they could not get a rise out of the officer candidates, stormed off.

Their restraint was not an accident. These men had been winnowed from hundreds of potential candidates, chosen because the Navy deemed them not too extreme in their attitudes. Like Jackie Robinson, who would break baseball’s color barrier three years later, these men were chosen because they were expected to suffer these indignities quietly and gracefully.
https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2020/05/25/thirteen-black-men-navy-color-barrier-271084

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Offline Bison66

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It is UNFORTUNATELY quite common...to overlook and marginalize the important role of Black women in history and in the Black Liberation Struggle in the US and internationally.

The insightful introduction [FREE PREVIEW] to this book highlights one aspect of the role of Black women that is instructive.




A short excerpt from the Introduction:

QUOTE

I undertake this task by detailing some of the many definitions of womanhood that female Black Power activists produced. Balancing the inherent
messiness of identity politics with the usefulness of gender as an analytical
category, I have isolated and named these dif­ferent models of womanhood
in each chapter of the book. My titles for these categories stem from the
historical record in which these activists implicitly or explicitly referenced
them and the political moment or organization in which they were created. This is an inexact approach. However, I maintain that in embracing
rather than shying away from the ambiguities of these debates, we might
be better able to see the possibilities and limitations of Black Power ideals
and reframe well-worn debates about this period. This approach also extends to the source material of the book. Its emphasis on intellectual and
artistic production biases the book toward well-known organizations that
produced substantial amounts of print media. This means that I offer an
analysis of only a handful of the many important actors and organizations
that defined the era. However, this method also provides the opportunity
to focus on black women’s engagement and racial redefinition in some of
the most well-known and male-dominated groups. Ultimately, the book
invites a conversation about how black women’s real and imagined ideas
about black womanhood shaped the Black Power era and how they can
help us move toward dif­ferent understandings of Black Power, as well as its
present and future lessons.
The Black Power era was transformative not only for its critique of
American race relations but also for the generative models of black identity
that activists created. Remaking Black Power shows that black women’s theorizing, particularly their new tropes of black womanhood, was an important engine of this ideological and political experimentation. Just as their
male counterparts challenged racial hierarchies by redefining gender roles,
black women worked to promote revolutionary change among their peers
by redefining their roles and communal gender constructs.


https://static1.squarespace.com/static/593ae38a893fc0b4abca1402/t/59c3c8cdc027d8e48de8b3a7/1506003150264/Remaking+Black+Power+Excerpt+FINAL.pdf

Later, I will share an article about this author, Dr. Ashley Farmer, and a Black woman activist Mae Mallory from Harlem, New York City whom she researched.

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« Last Edit: June 05, 2020, 05:56:58 PM by Bison66 »

Offline Bison66

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This thread was begun with a quote from brother Antenor Fermin from his 1885 (NOT 1985) book, The Equality of the Races.

Here is an article about him and how as Minister of External Affairs, he stood up to the US.:

http://islandluminous.fiu.edu/part06-slide13.html

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Offline Bison66

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Judging only from the video, there do not seem to be many (any) Afro Puerto Ricans in this unit, but this is interesting info.

Be sure to watch to the end, or at least to the point where #RealPresidentObama is shown.






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Offline Bison66

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In another thread, we discussed and thoroughly dismantled the false argument that the US Civil War was not primarily about slavery espoused by Olds..t and y04, by implication.

In Their Own Words: It WAS About Slavery



QUOTE
After the election of Pres. Abraham Lincoln, fearing that their way of life (read: slavery) was under attack, the seven states of the Deep South (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas) seceded from the Union. When the war began with the firing on Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, they were joined by four states of the upper South (Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia).

Of the 11 states to secede from the Union, four issued “Declarations of Causes of Secession” to explain their reasons for seceding: South Carolina, Georgia Mississippi, and Texas.  A quick read of these documents leaves no doubt about the reasons they chose to betray their country.

South Carolina’s Declaration concluded with an invitation to form "a Confederacy of Slaveholding States."  Pretty straightforward, I would say. If fact, the very first sentence of South Carolina's "Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union" states that the decision to secede was partly made “in deference to the opinions and wishes of the other slaveholding States.” Again, no effort to hide the real reason here.

Georgia was perhaps even more direct and unashamed of its motives.  The state’s Declaration read in part: “The prohibition of slavery in the Territories is the cardinal principle of this organization.” I’m not sure they could make it any clearer.

Referring to the Northern states, which opposed slavery, the document goes on to state “The prohibition of slavery in the Territories, hostility to it everywhere, the equality of the black and white races, disregard of all constitutional guarantees in its favor, were boldly proclaimed by its leaders and applauded by its followers.”

UNQUOTE



https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2020/6/16/1953546/-In-Their-Own-Words-It-WAS-About-Slavery?utm_campaign=trending

One more nail in the coffin of that REVISIONIST NONSENSE.
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Offline Bison66

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Check out what THIS Brother did...

Edward Brown Went From Slave To Jockey To Trainer To Owner In A Lifetime



https://www.paulickreport.com/news/ray-s-paddock/belmont-history-edward-brown-went-from-slave-,to-jockey-to-trainer-to-owner-in-a-lifetime/

BUT,.....DID YOU KNOW?

QUOTE...In her book 'Race Horse Men,' writer Katherine Mooney notes that when African slaves were brought to this country, they brought with them generational knowledge of horses. North Africans and Middle Easterners brought horses and horsemen to West Africa, and the region became known for its equestrianism. For some Africans brought to the colonies in slavery, horses may have been a part of their background since the Mali Empire (which existed from the early 1200s to mid-1600s).
This left those slaves in charge of racing barns in a tricky position – they were respected for their superior expertise, but still classified as inferior beings behind whites. They had some physical freedom to travel and to manage other slaves underneath them, but were by no means free. They helped their owners win purse money and wagers placed alongside the race route, but were not paid themselves. They were heralded for their skills in the saddle, but could be (and were) threatened with lynching if they were judged not to have put in their best effort..
UNQUOTE

I knew about the cavalries of Kanem-Borun and Mali, but this puts it a wider context.

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« Last Edit: June 25, 2020, 03:24:36 AM by Bison66 »

Offline Bison66

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PLEASE NOTE: I NEGLECTED TO POST THE LINK TO THE STORY IN MY PREVIOUS POST.  IT IS NOW INCLUDED.

They were some "bad boys" in Boley!!!!!!

BOLEY, OKLAHOMA: THE ALL-BLACK TOWN THAT FOUGHT BACK AGAINST “PRETTY BOY FLOYD’S GANGSTERS



QUOTE

...the location where one of the most famous bank robberies unfolded. Some of the black residents prevented the Pretty Boy Floyd gang from robbing the town’s only bank.
[...]
Gangster Floyd warned his gang members against robbing “Farmers and Merchants Bank,” the state’s first nationally chartered black-owned bank. The people of the town were hard workers and business minded people. Gangster Floyd knew the people of Boley had guns and wouldn’t hesitate to shoot and kill him and his gangsters. However, the group did not heed Floyd’s warning; they burst into the bank and warned the people not to pull the alarm. 
UNQUOTE

https://blackthen.com/boley-oklahoma-the-all-black-town-that-fought-back-against-pretty-boy-floyds-gangsters/?fbclid=IwAR2gkiF6r51T11_gVr1kHoLkwc1lg0qip00SZ9cqc0tK2HoyXgbD2ED1zR4

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« Last Edit: June 25, 2020, 03:26:54 AM by Bison66 »

Offline Bison66

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I'm betting that some of y'all will laugh all over again...

Remember that time we were discussing the huge financial benefits that SLAVE OWNING AND TRADING countries got from slavery, and Olds..t posted video of talk where some guy (well-known, and accomplished guy - but in serious D'Nile) said that Britain had prospered and never had slavery??

 :lmao:     :lmao:     :lmao:

Y'all remember that foolishness?  The STUDENTS in his audience starting contradicting him, but the video clip ended there,....  As I recall.

Some of us pointed out (THE OBVIOUS) that Britain, OF COURSE, did have slavery in its empire and entire fortunes were made from it.  As usual, Olds..t slunk away.   Once again, his small-minded efforts to engage were dashed on the rocks of FACTS!!

You LAUGHING, RIGHT!!!??

One can't help but wonder if Neymar believed/s that nonsense, too!!!!  SMDH

Well - AS IF any further proof was/is needed - here's some current info that throws a spotlight on the entire sordid affair:


Bank of England apologizes for past links to slavery


The Bank of England has apologized for the links past governors of the institution had with slavery

QUOTE

 June 19, 2020, 11:30 AM

LONDON -- The Bank of England has apologized for the links some of its past governors had with slavery, as a global anti-racism movement sparked by the death of George Floyd forces many British institutions to confront uncomfortable truths about their pasts.

The central bank called the trade in human beings “an unacceptable part of English history,” and pledged not to display any images of former leaders who had any involvement.

“The bank has commenced a thorough review of its collection of images of former governors and directors, to ensure none with any such involvement in the slave trade remain on display anywhere in the bank,’’ the institution said in statement.

The decision comes after two British companies on Thursday promised to financially support projects assisting minorities after being called out for past roles in the slave trade.

Insurance giant Lloyd’s of London and pub chain Greene King made the pledges after media highlighted their inclusion on a University College London database of individuals and companies with ties to the slave trade.

Launched in 2013, the database shows how deeply the tentacles of slavery are woven into modern British society.

It lists thousands of people who received compensation for loss of their “possessions” when slave ownership was outlawed by Britain in 1833. It reveals that many businesses, buildings and art collections that still exist today were funded by the proceeds of the slave trade, and highlights the fact that many 19th-century Britons benefited from slave ownership.

Those listed on the database include governors and directors of the Bank of England and executives in companies that are still active.

[b]About 46,000 people were paid a total of 20 million pounds[/b] — the equivalent of 40 percent of all annual government spending at the time — after the freeing of slaves in British colonies in the Caribbean, Mauritius and southern Africa. The loan the government took out to cover the compensation was so large that it was not repaid in full until 2015.

Compensation for slave-owners was opposed by some abolitionists, who argued it was immoral, but it was approved as the political price of getting the 1833 abolition bill passed.

Memorials to people who profited from the slave trade have become the focus of campaigns in several countries as racial equality protests spread around the world in the wake of Floyd's May 25 death in Minneapolis.

Earlier this month, protesters in the English city of Bristol hauled down a statue of Edward Colston, a 17th-century slave trader and philanthropist, and dumped it in the city’s harbor.

UNQUOTE
SORRY! No link; it came by email, but for the entire article, I'm sure you can Google it.


YEAH, Olds..t, Britain didn't have slavery!!!!!!    :lmao:     :lmao:     :lmao:

Y'all still laughing???

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