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Topics - soflorattler

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1
Despite largely holding the political, economic and social levers of power, nearly a third of white Americans say they have seen “a lot more” discrimination against white people in the past five years – and more than half of them say they have not seen a rise in discrimination against Black and Latino Americans.

A May 2022 University of Maryland Critical Issues Poll further found that a majority of white Americans do not believe that there has been a rise in discrimination against minority groups.

In stark contrast, the poll found a large majority of Black Americans believe they have been on the receiving end of discrimination.

That many white Americans, the dominant racial group in U.S. society, see more discrimination against other white people than those who have historically endured this treatment is troubling.

Read more: https://theconversation.com/poll-reveals-white-americans-see-an-increase-in-discrimination-against-other-white-people-and-less-against-other-racial-groups-185278

2
General Discussion Forum / July Black History Calendar
« on: Today at 09:48:01 AM »
July 1, 1889 – Frederick Douglass named U.S. Minister to Haiti.

July 2, 1872 – Elijah McCoy patents his first self-lubricating locomotive engine. The quality of his inventions helped coin the phrase “The Real McCoy”.

July 3, 1688 – The Quakers in Germantown, Pa., make the first formal protest against slavery.

July 4, 1900 – Trumpeter Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong, ja-- pioneer, born.

July 5, 1892 – Andrew J. Beard patents rotary engine.

July 6, 1957 – Althea Gibson wins women’s singles title at Wimbledon, becoming first African American to win tennis’s most prestigious award.

July 7, 1948 – Cleveland Indians sign pitcher Leroy “Satchel” Paige.

July 8, 1943 – Faye Wattleton, first African American director of Planned Parenthood, born.

July 9, 1893 – Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs first successful open-heart operation.

July 10, 1875 – Educator Mary McLeod Bethune, founder of Bethune-Cookman College, born.

July 11, 1905 – W.E.B. Dubois and William Monroe Trotter organize the Niagara Movement, which demanded abolition of all race distinctions.

July 12, 1949 – Frederick M. Jones patents air-conditioning unit used in food transportation vehicles.

July 13, 1965 – Thurgood Marshall becomes first African American appointed U.S. Solicitor General.

July 14, 1955 – George Washington Carver Monument, first national park honoring an African American, is dedicated in Joplin, Mo.

July 15, 1867 – Maggie Lena Walker, first woman and first African American to become president of a bank.

July 16, 1862 – Anti-lynching activist Ida B. Wells Barnett born.

July 17, 1953 – Jesse D. Locker appointed U.S. Ambassador to Liberia

July 18, 1939 – Saxophonist Coleman Hawkins records “Body and Soul” one of the classics of ja--.

July 19, 1925 – Paris debut of Josephine Baker, entertainer, activist and humanitarian.

July 20, 1950 – First U.S. victory in Korea won by Black troops of the 24th Infantry Regiment.

July 21, 1896 – Mary Church Terrell elected first president of the National Association of Colored Women.

July 22, 1939 – Jane M. Bolin of New York City, appointed first African American female judge.

July 23, 1778 – More than 700 Blacks participate in Battle of Monmouth (NJ).

July 24, 1807 – Shakespearean actor Ira Aldridge, born in New York City.

July 25, 1916 – Garrett Morgan, inventor of the gas mask, rescues six people from gas-filled tunnel in Cleveland, Ohio.

July 26, 1948 – President Harry S. Truman issues Executive Order 9981, ending segregation in the U.S. armed forces.

July 27, 1880 – Alexander P. Ashbourne patents process for refining coconut oil.

July 28, 1868 – 14th Amendment granting Blacks full citizenship rights, becomes part of the Constitution.

July 29, 1895 – First National Conference of Colored Women Convention is held in Boston.

July 30, 1822 – James Varick becomes first bishop of African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church.

July 31, 1874 – Patrick Francis Healy inaugurated as president of Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.

http://tbmv3.theblackmarket.com/black-history-calendar/july-black-history-calendar/

4


Giuliani appears to admit asking Trump for pardon before claiming he never did – then deletes tweet altogether

Former New York City mayor Rudolph Giuliani’s attempt at joining his Trumpworld compatriots in attacking House January 6 select committee witness Cassidy Hutchinson on Tuesday went awry. He posted a tweet denying allegations that he’d asked for a presidential pardon, which was worded in a way that seemed to confirm the claim.

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/rudy-giuliani-jan-6-pardon-b2112357.html

 :thefan:

 :snicker

5
So, how would you all like to live in a state where that state establishes a religion, or dictate that you can only worship through certain religions and any other is illegal?

A far-right legal group believes states are exempt from the Establishment Clause. Some Supreme Court justices agree

https://www.alternet.org/2022/06/supreme-court-states-establishment-clause/

6


AZ Gov candidate Kari Lake comes unglued when Bret Baier confronts her for attending Drag Queen shows for 20 years before condemning them

Kari Lake Erupts At Fox's Brett Baier for Mentioning Drag Queen Accusations


Arizona governor candidate Kari Lake snapped at Fox News host Brad Baier on Monday after he questioned her over accusations made by a drag queen.

Richard Stevens, who performs under the name Barbra Seville, claimed that Lake used to support drag queens and attended shows.

Quoting a Washington Post report, Baier said: "Arizona GOP gubernatorial candidate Kari Lake, who has attacked drag queen as dangerous to children, attended the shows of drag queen Richard Stevens for more than 20 years and once hired him to perform at her home."

When asked to address this accusation, Lake said she was shocked and appalled that Fox News would cover this story.

The video of her following argument with Baier has also gone viral on social media with over 200,000 views.

"I do care to address that, I am really shocked, I am actually appalled that Fox News would take a defamatory story like that," she said.

"We are pursuing legal action against this drag queen. I am appalled that you would bring that up when you have not talked about our stolen election."

Baier interrupted to say that he had given Lake the opportunity to make her claims of a stolen 2020 election and had dedicated three questions to that topic.

He again pushed her to address the claims made by Stevens and said every candidate has to deal with difficult stories.

"I am happy to address it, I am really disappointed in Fox, I thought you were a little better than CNN," she replied.

"This is a person I covered for decades, 20 years, and he has never been in my home.

"He has never been in my home, he says he has been in my home for a drag show? That is ludicrous, he has lied.

"We tried to serve him defamation papers and he is so shady that we can't even track him down because he is not even welcomed at the places that he works."

On Saturday, lawyers for Lake and her campaign team served Stevens a cease and desist letter, according to a 12 News report.

In the document, it claimed that Stevens made three false assertations.

The letter said they were that: "Ms. Lake took her juvenile daughter to a drag show.

"Ms. Lake invited you into her home to perform a drag show and that Ms. Lake has been kicked out of bars for being too intoxicated."

The cease and desist letter then showed a screenshot of Barbra's Facebook post where the claims were made.

On Monday, Stevens posted his lawyer's response to the cease and desist letter by Lake to his Barbra Seville Facebook page with the caption: "I won't cease or desist."

The responding letter claimed that the Arizona Governor candidate and Stevens used to be friends and she had attended many of his events. It also claimed they had evidence to support this claim.

The letter closed by saying: "To be clear: Mr. Stevens will not 'cease and desist'. If Ms. Lake moves forward with filing a suit, I will accept service of process for my client.

"I cannot imagine your client will be happy to revisit all the times she spent with Barbra Seville when I depose Ms. Lake."

Newsweek has contacted Lake and Stevens for comment.

https://www.newsweek.com/kari-lake-drag-queen-drag-show-barbra-seville-fox-news-bret-baier-arizona-richard-stevens-1719722


7
Politics / GOP=Modern day Nazis
« on: June 25, 2022, 10:41:54 AM »
GOP legislators are preparing to introduct laws that restrict travel for those seeking reproductive services in other states.

Out-of-State Bans Threaten to Extend the Reach of Anti-Abortion America. But Some States Are Preparing

https://www.usnews.com/news/national-news/articles/2022-05-19/out-of-state-bans-threaten-to-extend-the-reach-of-anti-abortion-america-but-some-states-are-preparing

9
 :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap:

For far-right Rep. Lauren Boebert of Colorado, owning a gun-themed restaurant in that state, Shooters Grill, has been a major promotional tool among fellow MAGA Republicans and members of the National Rifle Association (NRA). But according to Daily Beast reporter Roger Sollenberger, Boebert’s promotional tool may be in trouble: Sollenberger reports that Boebert’s restaurant is “facing an uncertain” future now that the new landlord of the property she has been renting has announced that he won’t be renewing her lease.

Sollenberger, in an article published by the Beast on June 23, describes the property’s new landlord as a “marijuana retailer.”

“As it stands, the landlord has told Boebert he will revoke the restaurant’s lease at the end of August, and send Shooters packing,” Sollenberger reports. “The rest is up in the air. Boebert told The Daily Beast that she and her husband, Jayson Boebert, had been surprised to receive the notice last week announcing that their lease would not be renewed. The building’s ownership changed hands last month, she said, and now, Shooters would either have to find new digs or shut down for good.”

Sollenberger continues, “But the day after that notice arrived, an anti-Boebert political group somehow got word that the timeline was even tighter than that — two weeks, the group said, putting the possible ouster just days before Republicans hit the polls for primary day.”

Boebert’s far-right admirers in the MAGA movement have praised her for owning a restaurant, saying it shows that she isn’t part of the Washington, D.C. “elite.” But these are the same MAGA Republicans who have attacked progressive Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York City for having once worked as a bartender — a line of attack that was dumb even by MAGA standards. According to that MAGA logic, or lack thereof, owning a restaurant is respectable but tending bar is not.

Sollenberger notes that as of June 23, the Shooters Grill website is down — and that Boebert “didn’t explain exactly why her business was being kicked out” when interviewed by the Beast. According to Sollenberger, Boebert was undecided on how she would respond to the eviction.

“Boebert told The Daily Beast, at one point, that she and her husband were ‘at peace’ with ending their run, and did not plan to fight the order,” Sollenberger reports. “But as the plot thickened politically, she bought some time. Now, she says she’s entertaining two contradictory options: the original shutdown plan, or buying the building outright from the new owners. She won’t say which she and her husband are choosing until after the primary.”

Shooters Grill had a gun theme even before Boebert ran for Congress in 2020. The waitresses carry guns on their hips, and the menu includes items like a “Smith and Wesson Sandwich.”

Colorado has become one of the most marijuana-friendly states in the U.S., and Sollenberger reports that Shooters’ new landlords are heavily involved in the marijuana industry.

“The company that took over the Shooters building, Milkin Enterprises, was formed days before the purchase, according to Colorado business records,” Sollenberger notes. “And the two men on the Milkin Enterprises incorporation documents — Mike Miller and Dan Meskin — run a cannabis dispensary, Rifle Remedies, which until 2019, shared a street address with Shooters, according to state filings.”

https://www.alternet.org/2022/06/lauren-boeberts-gun-obsessed-restaurant-is-facing-an-uncertain-future-report/

10
General Discussion Forum / Flying this summer is ROUGH!!!
« on: June 23, 2022, 07:24:04 AM »
Kristie Koerbel

Flying this summer is ROUGH!!! I feel like as a Flight Attendant I should attempt to share some tips to get you through airline travel for the foreseeable future. ✈️✈️
1.  Things are not good..... if its less than 7 hours - DRIVE! I'm not kidding. There is nothing enjoyable about flying right now. On any airline. If you must fly, keep reading. 🚗
2. Download and use the app of the airline you are flying. You can do everything on it - get your boarding pass, track your bags, see your incoming plane, and change a flight. It sure beats waiting in the long line to talk to an agent! Trust me - Usually these apps will tell you a flight is canceled before the crew even knows! 📲
3. Fly MUCH earlier than you need to - a whole day early if it's important!!  This week I saw many people miss important things like weddings, funerals, cruises, international connections, and graduations. The tears were very real, for very real reasons, and there was nothing I could do! If you have to be somewhere, spend the extra money, go a day early. Have a glass of wine and stay in a hotel, enjoy your night not being stressed while everyone else misses their events. 🍷
4. ALWAYS fly the first flight in the morning so you have all day to be rebooked if the s**t hits the fan. Yes, that means it might be a 3:00 alarm, but morning flights don't cancel nearly as often.⏰
5. This is not unique to this year, but keep in mind summer is thunderstorm season. A single storm can shut down a whole airport. We can't fly through them. Storms usually build as the day gets later. Book early flights! ⛈
6. Schedule long layovers - Your 1-hour layover is NOT enough anymore. 30 minutes, not a chance. 3 hours minimum. 🏃‍♀️🏃🏃‍♂️
7. What you see on the news is an understatement. We are short-staffed and overworked. Not just pilots and flight attendants, but also ground crews. Without ground crews there is no one to park the planes, drive jetways, get your bags on/off planes, or scan boarding passes. This causes many delays that snowball throughout the day. Sometimes HOURS.(Another reason morning flights are best!)  👀
8. When flight crews get delayed we time out. We can NOT fly longer than 16 hours. It's illegal. So it doesn't matter if you have a wedding to get to, when we are done we are done. The way things are now, there are no backup crews, so when this happens your flight cancels. (Now you are starting to see why those morning flights are best!) 😴
9. Avoid connecting in Newark (Or any New York airport for that matter). It is literal hell. You have a 50/50 chance your flight will cancel or missing your connection. They have been canceling flights at their starting points just to keep the planes out because there just aren't enough people to manage the planes, so the gates stay full. Also, the restaurants are expensive, it is not a great place to be stuck. 💩
10. Be nice. As stated above, we are overworked and tired. We will not help you if you are mean. No one cares that you are going to miss your cruise if you are an A--HOLE. So even if we can help, we will save our help for someone nice. Tensions are high. Our patience is gone. If you make us mad - you will not be flying on our planes. We will leave you behind without a second thought, and laugh about you later. 🥰
11. Being drunk on an airplane is a federal offense, so don't overdo it. If you drink too much at the bar waiting for your delayed flight you risk not being allowed to fly at all. We are too tired to deal with your drunk ass when we have legitimate issues to deal with. 🍻
12. Get trip insurance if you have a lot of money invested. I hate the whole idea of this, but I also hate the idea of losing money.  Example: I was working a flight yesterday that waited over an hour for a gate. A family of 8 missed their flight to Rome. The only flight of the day. They were going to a cruise which they would now miss. They were all crying, there was nothing I could do. (Also a reason to fly a day early!) 🛳
13. Flights are FULL. If you buy the cheap seats you will not be able to sit with your family. It says so when you purchase your ticket!! Flight Attendants aren't there to rearrange the whole plane just so you can sit with your family because you tried to save $100 on a third-party website. 💸
14. Speaking of third-party websites and saving money..... Like I said flights are FULL. If a flight is oversold, and no one volunteers to give up their seats, who do you think is the first to be bumped? You guessed it, the family that saved a few $$ by using sites like Expedia, Kayak, Hotwire etc. 🤷‍♀️
15. Pack smart. Don't be "That guy" Don't hold up boarding because you have your extenders open till they are busting and you can't figure out how to make it fit in the overhead. (Passengers are stressed too, they can be aggressive when boarding a delayed flight) 🛍
16. Take showers, brush your teeth, leave the perfume off, don't eat stinky food (Caesar salad and tuna fish I'm talking to you!), and bring headphones. Trust me. These things sound basic but add to the stress on crowded planes. If you are stuck on the tarmac for 3 hours after a 4-hour flight, you will thank me for this. 💜
17. Bring a sweater if you tend to be cold. So tired of half-naked girls asking me to turn the heat up. NO. Wear clothes!!  Side note: If you dress like this and ask for heat, there's a chance I will turn the AC up. 🥶
18. That's not water on the bathroom floor. For the love of God wear shoes to the bathroom!!! 🤮
19. Don't tell a Flight Attendant they look tired. We are and we know. You may cause us to ugly cry right there in the galley.

-FB post.

11
The child of billionaire Elon Musk is completely changing her identity to distance herself from her father.

Xavier Alexander Musk, who has a twin named Griffin, turned 18 back in April. Almost immediately after her birthday, she filed a petition with the courthouse to change her name as she embraces her new identity as Vivian.

The Blast obtained the documents from the Superior Court of California in Los Angeles County at the time of their release but did not publish the documents right away to give Vivian time to come out on her own. However, the documents started making their way around Twitter on Saturday night, just ahead of Father’s Day. Her hearing is scheduled for this Friday.

One of Musk’s children is requesting to change her name to Vivian Jenna Wilson. She is also asking for the Superior Court of California in Los Angeles County to recognize her gender as female. The petition was filed on Monday, April 18.

Vivian listed the reason for the name change as not wanting to be associated with her biological father. In the court docs, she gave the following reason for her name change: “Gender Identity and the fact that I no longer live with or wish to be related to my biological father in any way, shape or form.”

Elon Musk married Canadian author Justine Wilson in January 2000. In 2002, they welcomed their son Nevada Alexander Musk. Sadly, Nevada died of sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS, at only ten weeks old.

Musk and Wilson turned to IVF, and, in April 2004, Wilson gave birth to two twin sons: Griffin and Xavier. They both just turned 18 back in April.

The former couple also used IVF to welcome triplet sons two years later. Their names were Kai, Saxon, and Damian. All three boys are now 16. Two years later, in 2008, the pair filed for divorce. They still share custody of their five children.

However, Vivian claims that part of the reason that she wants to change her name is to distance herself from her biological father, who has been accused of having transphobic views over the past several years.

CNBC had previously called on Elon Musk to apologize for his transphobic views. In one July 2020 tweet, Musk tweeted “pronouns suck,” but deleted the tweet after his then-partner, Canadian musician Grimes, confronted him about the tweet.

A few months later, in a series of tweets dated December 2020, the Tesla CEO reportedly mocked people who listed their pronouns in their online bios.

I absolutely support trans, but all these pronouns are an esthetic nightmare

— Elon Musk (@elonmusk) December 16, 2020

Musk’s tweet read “when you put he/him in ur bio” alongside a cartoonish picture of a soldier rubbing his bloody hands on his face. The soldier is wearing a hat that says “I love to oppress.”

After Musk was criticized for the tweet, he defended himself by tweeting, “I absolutely support trans, but all these pronouns are an esthetic nightmare.” He then tweeted out that Tesla had the number one ranking on the Corporate Equality Index, which is an annual list of the best places for LGBTQ people to work.

Oh and umm … https://t.co/jtg944ERCy

— Elon Musk (@elonmusk) December 16, 2020

The Human Rights Campaign, a charitable organization that tries to provide equal rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people, called on Musk to apologize.

The HRC shared a statement with CNBC, calling on the SpaceX founder to apologize for mocking the use of pronouns.

“The Corporate Equality Index (CEI) is a comprehensive measurement of workplace non-discrimination policies, practices, and benefits critical to the full protection and inclusion of LGBTQ workers,” they wrote. “Tesla scored a 100 on the 2020 CEI based on this crucial foundation of inclusive non-discrimination policies and benefits.”

“No benchmarking tool can fully account for the day-to-day experiences of LGBTQ workers. The CEI criteria alone are necessary foundations for LGBTQ inclusion but do not represent the entirety of what it takes to ensure a fully inclusive and welcoming environment,” they continued. “The CEI is not a cover for poor personal behavior, and HRC condemns Musk’s tweets mocking pronouns.”

They concluded their statement, saying, “Musk’s insensitive comments stand completely contrary to what HRC’s Workplace Equality Program works with companies each day to create—providing employees a safe, inclusive, and fair work environment.”

The Blast has reached out to Vivian Jenna Wilson for comment. Neither Elon Musk nor Justine Wilson, Vivian’s parents, have yet to provide public comment on Vivian’s name and gender change.

https://theblast.com/218290/elon-musk-son-name-and-gender/

12
Politics / Andrew Gillum, DeSantis' 2018 opponent, faces indictment
« on: June 22, 2022, 11:28:02 AM »
Andrew Gillum, the once-rising Florida Democratic star who narrowly lost his 2018 gubernatorial race against Ron DeSantis, has told associates that he expects to be indicted in federal court as early as today for alleged fraud tied to his campaign, NBC News has learned.

The exact charges are unclear and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of Florida would neither confirm nor deny details about the criminal case against Gillum. In a written statement to NBC News, Gillum acknowledged the case but said it is politically motivated without offering specifics.

“I have spent the last 20 years of my life in public service and continue to fight for the people,” Gillum said. “Every campaign I’ve run has been done with integrity. Make no mistake that this case is not legal, it is political. Throughout my career I have always stood up for the people of Florida and have spoken truth to power. There’s been a target on my back ever since I was the mayor of Tallahassee. They found nothing then, and I have full confidence that my legal team will prove my innocence now.”

Marc Elias, a leading Democratic lawyer, and top criminal defense attorney David Oscar Markus also issued a written statement to NBC News that would not confirm the charges, but said they’ll fight to clear his name.

“The government got it wrong today. The evidence in this case is clear and will show that Mr. Gillum is innocent of all charges. We look forward to putting this case to rest and giving Andrew and his family peace of mind once and for all,” the lawyers said in the joint statement.

The expected indictment would mark a new low for Gillum, a married father of three who withdrew from public life as a political leader and a paid CNN commentator after a March 2020 sex scandal involving a suspected male overdose victim in a South Beach hotel.

At the time, Gillum said he was abusing alcohol as he coped with his loss to DeSantis, but campaign finance records and a leaked criminal subpoena in 2019 showed that Gillum also faced the pressure of an FBI investigation.

Two sources with whom Gillum spoke Tuesday told NBC News that he began phoning friends frantically about the criminal case. Neither would speak on the record because they weren’t authorized to speak on his behalf. They said he is scheduled to meet with prosecutors at 10 a.m. and that his indictment could be unsealed at 1 p.m. ET.

“He’s down. He’s sad. He feels beat up,” one of the sources said.

That source said Gillum was called Tuesday morning and informed he was going to be criminally charged for campaign finance-related charges.

Gillum had been under federal investigation for years, starting with his time as Tallahassee mayor when he accepted freebies from lobbyists and special interests — including a free New York Harbor boat rides and tickets in New York to the musical “Hamilton,” which were supplied by an undercover FBI agent posing as corrupt developer. Gillum was not criminally charged in that scheme, but he agreed to pay a $5,000 state ethics fine for improperly accepting gifts.

https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/politics-news/andrew-gillum-desantis-2018-opponent-faces-indictment-rcna34676

13
Yolanda Flowers wins Democratic runoff for governor, first Black female nominee for office

Yolanda Flowers has claimed victory in Alabama’s Democratic runoff election for governor against Sen. Malika Sanders-Fortier of Selma.

Flowers won 55% of reported votes Tuesday, according to a preliminary count. She is believed to be the first Black female nominee for governor from a major party in Alabama.

“I thank God for everything he’s done for us tonight, but the race isn’t over,” she told AL.com Tuesday night. “We still must continue on to encourage our citizens how important it is not vote for the betterment of our state.”

Flowers will face off against Republican incumbent Gov. Kay Ivey during the state’s general election Nov. 8. Ivey is heavily favored to win.

Flowers received 33.8% of Democrat votes in the primary, while Sanders Fortier received 32.5% of votes.

Flowers’ platform is based around the concept of “reconstruction” for the state, specifically in health care, education, criminal justice and the economy. She said she also hopes to raise the age for gun purchases in Alabama from 18 years old to 21, increase mental and behavioral health screenings for children in schools and raise the state’s minimum wage to $15 an hour. Flowers has been adamant about a parole and prison accountability team as well as the implementation of the lottery in the state.

Sanders Fortier’s platform was “One Nation Under God: Building the Beloved Community.” She previously told AL.com she draws inspiration from Martin Luther King, Jr. and other trailblazers, including campaign chairman and Freedom Rider Bernard Lafayette.

https://www.al.com/news/2022/06/polls-close-in-democratic-runoff-for-alabama-governor.html

15
 :no:

French court confirms ban on ‘burkinis’ in city’s swimming pools

A day at the pool will be out of reach for some women this summer in the eastern French city of Grenoble, after a higher court upheld a ban on full-length swimsuits known as “burkinis’ in public swimming pools.

Following a series of protests by local Muslim women, the city had passed an edict in May 2021 allowing bathers at public pools in Grenoble to use the swimwear.

But later that month, the city’s administrative tribunal overruled the decision – a ruling upheld on Tuesday by France’s highest administrative court.

In its ruling, the French Council of State invoked principles of religious neutrality, concluding that permitting the “burkini” would undermine “the equal treatment of users, so that the neutrality of the public service is compromised.”

“Contrary to the claimed objective of the city of Grenoble,” the city’s initial decision to authorize the “burkini” aimed “only to satisfy a demand of a religious nature,” the court said.

It also said Grenoble’s decision would have allowed some bathers to contravene “hygiene and security rules.”

Religious neutrality is enshrined in modern French administrative principles, which were given a boost last year by a so-called “separatism law,” passed by Emmanuel Macron’s government.

The legislation, championed by right-leaning Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin, explicitly prohibits acts whose “manifest objective is to give in to sectarian demands with religious aims.”

Muslim women in France often have difficulty accessing public services due to strict limits on displays of religious conviction – one reason why such bans have been criticized by rights advocates, including the United Nations Human Rights Committee.

The French government in 2004 banned “conspicuous” religious symbols including Muslim headscarves, Jewish skullcaps and large Christian crosses from French schools. Full face veils, known as the niqab, are banned in all French public spaces including public transport and parks, streets and administrative buildings.

https://www.cnn.com/2022/06/21/europe/grenoble-france-burkini-ban-pools-upheld-intl/index.html

https://gvwire.com/2022/06/21/france-rules-against-burkini-swimwear-going-topless-still-ok/

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